فارسی

Mohammad Ebrahim Ayati

An Iranian Shi'ite historian, writer, and preacher

 

Born: 1916, Birjand, South Khorasan, Iran
Died: October 9, 1964, Qom, Iran
 

In recognition of his years of scientific and cultural services, the Society for the Appreciation of Cultural Works and Dignitaries honored him the title of an Iranian dignitary during a commemoration ceremony on September 22, 2021

Biography

Ayatollah Dr. Mohammad Ebrahim Ayati was born in 1916 to a well-known family in the village of Gazar, about 60 kilometers north of Birjand in South Khorasan. His father, Sheikh Mohammad Qaeni, was the prayer leader of Gazar village and took care of the religious affairs of the people. From the age of seven, Ayati would attend the meetings of the scholars in his city to learn from the Holy Quran and other religious books. He studied Arabic with his father who passed away when Ayati was only nine years old. At the age of thirteen, Ayati went to the city of Birjand to continue his studies. His teachers included Sheikh Mohammad Baqer Ayati, Sheikh Mohammad Hossein Ayati, Mirza Hossein Faqih Sabzevari, Mirza Mehdi Esfahani, Sheikh Hashem Qazvini, Sheikh Mojtaba Qazvini, Adib Neyshaburi, and others. In 1933, he moved to the Baqerieh Seminary in Mashhad and continued his education under teachers such as Haj Sheikh Hashem Qazvini, Agha Sheikh Mojtabi Qazvini, Ayatollah Mirza Hossein Faqih Sabzevari, Adib Neishaburi and Haj Sheikh Hassan Paein Khiyabani. 
After completing his seminary studies in 1941, he started preaching in Birjand. In the same year, he married Eft al-Sharia, daughter of Ayatollah Sheikh Mohammad Hossein Ayati. In 1950, after nine years he moved to Tehran and settled there until the last days of his life. In 1952 he began teaching in Farrokhi High School. Later, due to his expertise in the history of Islam and philosophy, he started teaching at Tehran University at the invitation of Professor Badiozzaman Forouzanfar. Along with teaching, Ayati studied Islamic philosophy in the same university and in 1961 he received a doctorate degree. 
Dr. Aiti was one of the famous and influential orators of the early 40s of Iran, many of his speeches were broadcasted on Radio which played an important role in reviving and strengthening the religious spirit of the Iranian people. 
Dr. Ayati never limited himself in the common sciences. Due to his mastery of English and Arabic languages, he carried out researches in Islamic studies, the history of the Prophet (pbuh) and Ahl al-Bayt (a.s.) in particular and as a leading specialists authored and translated valuable works in this field. He won Iran`s Book of the Year Award several times for his translations ‘Tarikh-e Yaqoubi’, ‘Futuh al-Buldan’ and ‘The Living Thoughts of the Prophet Muhammad’ and his book ‘The History of the Prophet of Islam’. 
On October 9, 1964, Dr. Ayati died in an accident in Tehran at the age of 49, while going to Shemiran to give a lecture on the interpretation of the Quran. After his funeral in Tehran, his body was transferred to Qom and buried in Abu Hossein Cemetery by the order of Ayatollah Marashi Najafi. 
In recognition of his years of scientific and cultural services, the Society for the Appreciation of Cultural Works and Dignitaries (SACWD) honored him the title of ‘Iran`s dignitary’ in a commemoration ceremony on September 22, 2021.
 

Books

  • Andalusia: History of Muslim Rule in Europe (1962)
  • The Stance of Imam Ali (a.s.) from Masjid Al-Haram to the Great Mosque of Kufa (1977)
  • Tafseer-e Sharif Lahiji / Tasnif Baha'al-Din Mohammad bin Sheikh Ali Al-Sharif Al-Lahiji (1984)
  • The History of the Prophet of Islam (1990)
  • Martyrs of Islam in the Age of the Messenger (2000)
  • The Political History of the Great Prophet (pbuh) (2007)
  • A Review of History from Madinah to Karbala (2010)

Translations

  • The Living Thoughts of the Prophet Muhammad, written by Maulana Muhammad Ali (1956)
  • The World in the Twentieth Century, written by Louis L. Snyder (1963)
  • The Mirror of Islam, written by Taha Hussein (1967)
  • Kitab al-Buldan, written by Ahmed bin Abi Yaqoub (1968)
  • Tarikh-e Yaqoubi, written by Ahmed bin Abi Yaqoub “Ibn Wazah Yaqoubi” (1987)